Pratt & Whitney, East Hartford, Connecticut metal, rubber, plastic Courtesy of Wings of History Air Museum, San Martin, California L2013.0703.001
The fourteen-cylinder Pratt & Whitney R-1830 Twin Wasp engine was one of the earliest twin-row engines to be produced and was essentially two single-row Wasp engines staked together. It could produce up to 1,300 horsepower and, by the late 1930s, had become the preferred powerplant for the Douglas DC-3, along with the C-47, the military transport version of the aircraft, and numerous other commercial and military aircraft.
Warren McArthur, New York leather, cotton, metal, plastic Courtesy of Pima Air & Space Museum, Tucson, Arizona L2013.0704.001
This seat would have been typically used for the DC-3 day-use configuration. It is covered in fabric and has cushioned, adjustable seats and seat backs to accommodate a wide range of passenger frames. A lever on one arm allows for seat adjustments. It also features an ashtray on the end of the armrest and seatback pockets for magazines and airline flight packets. Washable linen covers, known as antimacassars, were often fitted over the headrest to prevent the soiling of the fabric from hair oil.
Douglas DC-3 Day Plane and DST Sky Sleeper promotional sales booklet paper, ink SFO Museum Gift of Bill Hough 2007.012.016.03 R2013.0701.051.03
A major contributing factor to the Douglas DC-3’s profitability from passenger revenue was its large capacity, greater than that of most airliners of its day. It could seat twenty-one comfortably in a standard seven-row, one-by-two across day use configuration.
Pants and jacket: Mair-Lavaty Uniforms Company, Chicago, Illinois Cap: Chicago Uniform & Cap Company, Chicago, Illinois wool, silk, cotton, metal, leather, enamel SFO Museum Gift of Thomas G. Dragges 2001.020.001, .002, .003 L2013.0701.043, .044, .045
Hat: Stetson Fifth Avenue, New York Jacket and skirt: Kurz, Kansas City, Missouri wool, cotton, silk, metal Jacket insignia: courtesy of Thomas G. Dragges L2013.0710.001 Uniform: SFO Museum, gift of TWA Clipped Wings International, Inc. 2002.113.018–.021, 1998.126.034 L2013.070.001–.004, .050
metal, cloth, ink, porcelain SFO Museum Pickle fork: gift of Charles C. Quarles Salt and pepper shakers: gift of Thomas G. Dragges 1998.093.001 a, b, c; 2003.068.001; 2000.057.001–.002; 2002.035.860–.861; 2000.149.009 L2013.0701.006–.011, .022–.024
plastic, metal, cloth SFO Museum Cup: gift of Thomas G. Dragges 2002.018.068 L2013.0701.005 Spoon: gift of Edith Lauterbach 2006.028.109 L2013.0701.049 Towel, plate, bowl, and tumblers: courtesy of Robert Behr L2013.0702.15, .031,–.034
paper, ink SFO Museum Gift of Vicki McCaslin in memory of Helene Dessiaume 2004.043.002.007 R2013.0701.055.05
In North America airline hot meal service began in the late 1930s on Douglas DC-3 flights. Newly introduced galleys on the airliners allowed stewardesses to store and assemble the meals for serving. On twenty-one-passenger day flights, United Air Lines often used lightweight plastic cups, saucer, and plates.
V. F. Pastushin Co., Santa Monica, California scale 1:39 metal, plastic, paint Courtesy of Anthony J. Lawler L2013.0705.002
American Airlines introduced the DST (Douglas Sleeper Transport) in 1936. It featured twelve lower and upper level sleeper berths on each side of the bulkhead. Lower level berths were converted from the passenger seats. The upper berth pulled down from the bulkhead and included an extra viewing window not found on the day-use-configured DC-3s. This rare model of the DST was produced by Victor Pastushin, a production control worker for Douglas Aircraft.
A. C. Rehberger Company, Chicago, Illinois Scale 1:48 chrome-plated metal, paint Courtesy of Anthony J. Lawler L2013.0705.007
United Air Lines had traditionally operated aircraft produced by Boeing, but after recognizing the great potential of the DC-3, was compelled to acquire the new airliner from Douglas. The airline initially configured their DC-3s into club lounges called “Super Luxury Mainliners” with fourteen ultra-comfortable leather swivel seats in a spacious cabin arrangement. The new service was launched in 1937. Produced in the late 1930s by A. C. Rehberger this model of the DC-3 features a base embossed with United’s transcontinental Mainline route.